SOIL Studies

SOIL Studies

2019, Vol 8, Num, 3     (Pages: 077-085)

Estimating the Climate Change Impact on Reference Evapotranspiration in the Thrace Region of Turkey

Muhammet AZLAK 1 ,Levent ŞAYLAN 2

1 Su Yönetimi Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara
2 İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Uçak ve Uzay Bilimleri Fakültesi, Meteoroloji Mühendisliği Bölümü, İstanbul

DOI: 10.21657/topraksu.655273
Viewed: 974
Downloaded : 440

In recent years, the most popular topics related to the environment are climate change and water problems. Especially, studies about the impacts of climate change on water resources increase dramatically. One of the important problems related to climate change will be the impact of climate change on water resources in the future. Therefore, the possible effects of climate change on water resources must be determined. In this study, the possible effects of climate change on evapotranspiration, which is one of the most important losses from water resources, were analyzed for three cities of the Thrace Region (Edirne, Kırklareli, Tekirdağ). Past and future status of reference evapotranspiration were calculated with commonly used eight different methods and future projection of evapotranspiration was compared with past data set. The past situation was demonstrated by using actual data obtained from meteorological stations for the period of 1975-2010. The future projection was estimated for 2015-2040 by using ECHAM-5 model data in the framework of the A1B scenario. As a result of the study, in the framework of eight methods, it is determined that evapotranspiration would increase between 9 and 14% in the future.

Keywords : Effects of climate change, evapotranspiration, evaporation, water resources