The most instinctive need of man is food. For more than 7 billion people today, ensuring food safety is not easy. According to United Nations estimates, the world population will exceed 9 billion in 2050. Therefore, it is a necessity to manage variability in the land and obtain high efficiency from the unit area by using many analytical tools to improve the efficiency of agricultural processes. Following international and local market demands using digital technologies can contribute significantly to GDP by getting global competitive production. Despite facing numerous challenges related to the agricultural sector, production, food security and nutrition, changing climatic conditions, environmental degradation, the loss of land and sea biodiversity and the price volatility of international agricultural commodity markets, the increment of modern technologies in agriculture has made agriculture knowledge-oriented. Therefore, it is highly important to promote and support digitalization in the agricultural sector. It is also very important that accurate and relevant information is presented at the right time (user-friendly), in the appropriate format and with the use of the most appropriate means of communication, so that the dissemination of knowledge and information will have an impact on people's livelihoods. With this study, it is aimed to evaluate the current situation, problems and possible solution proposals in the use of digital technology in the Agriculture and Food sector in terms of R&D.